If you are wondering if you can eat hedge apples, Jared Rydelek, a YouTuber who has carved a niche by tracking down rare fruits and trying them out, tried eating the Osage-orange. Workhabor also earns commissions from other affiliate networks. Hedge apples are not poisonous, but they are an effective repellent against insects and spiders. While you can eat the hedge apple seeds without any health risk, the process of preparing them is long and not worth it. Comments. [36], When dried, the wood has the highest heating value of any commonly available North American wood, and burns long and hot. More information. Squirrels tear apart the hedge apple for its seeds (not the seeds), making it an anomaly among fruits. The twigs are … [11][3][12][13] By providing a barrier that was "horse-high, bull-strong, and pig-tight", Osage orange hedges provided the "crucial stop-gap measure for westward expansion until the introduction of barbed wire a few decades later". Here is the traditional way of eating the seeds of hedge apples: Slice the fruit into two. Jared notes that you can eat the fruit, but it doesn’t taste good, and it will most likely make you sick. [19], The largest known Osage orange tree is located at River Farm, in Alexandria, Virginia, and is believed to have been a gift from Thomas Jefferson. Ever resourceful, gardeners have tried a … Hedge apples, also known as hedge balls and horse apples, look like large yellowish-green grapefruit. "Hedge apple" trees (also called Osage orange, Maclura pomifera) are not related to apples or oranges and their fruit is inedible.The large, grapefruit-sized, brain-like green fruit are better-known that the trees and show up in the fall of the year in stores and farmers markets where they are sold for their purported ability to repel insects. Do Hedge Apples Get Rid of Squirrels?. [3] John Bradbury, a Scottish botanist who had traveled the interior United States extensively in the early 19th century, reported that a bow made of Osage timber could be traded for a horse and a blanket. [10], American settlers used the Osage orange (i.e. Over 13,000 years ago, it’s believed that woolly mammoths, grounds sloths, and other mammals that are now extinct ate the Osage-orange fruits, and the seeds passed through the animals’ digestive system undigested. Produced by the Osage-orange tree, all hedge apple trees sport glossy, lance-shaped leaves and an abundance of thorns. Slice the fruit into small pieces with a knife. "Heating With Wood: Species Characteristics and Volumes", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maclura_pomifera&oldid=1000055265, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 09:36. [6], Fruit burrowed into by animal eating seeds, Osage orange's pre-Columbian range was largely restricted to a small area in what is now the United States, namely the Red River drainage of Oklahoma, Texas, and Arkansas, as well as the Blackland Prairies and post oak savannas. The milky juice present in the stems and juice may cause irritation to the skin so be cautious if you are handling them. Unless the scientists find the thornless cultivar, the Osage-orange is only best suited for wildlife plantings in the rural areas. The wood of M. pomifera is golden to bright yellow but fades to medium brown with ultraviolet light exposure. They won't eat many things that will hurt them. When you allow it to dry out, the wood burns hot and long. Barlow, Connie. Freeze them solid and grate the frozen hedge apple for two tablespoons a day. Maybe the squirrels will find them, and since they have all the time in the world to remove the seeds, let them have a go at them. Palmer and Fowler's Fieldbook of Natural History 2nd edition rates Osage orange wood as being at least twice as hard and strong as white oak (Quercus alba). Maclura pomifera, commonly known as the Osage orange, horse apple, hedge, or hedge apple tree is a small deciduous tree or large shrub, typically growing to 8 to 15 metres (30–50 ft) tall.The distinctive fruit, a multiple fruit, is roughly spherical, bumpy, 8 to 15 centimetres (3–6 in) in diameter, and turns bright yellow-green in the fall. We are going to sow a sustainable living fence in the spring. [6], Maclura pomifera has been known by a variety of common names in addition to Osage orange, including hedge apple, horse apple, the French bois d'arc and English transliterations: bodark and bodock, also translated as "bow-wood"; monkey ball, monkey brains, yellow-wood and mock orange. Its dense grain structure makes for good tonal properties. For years, Osage-orange has been used for fencing purposes. If you are wondering if you can eat hedge apples, Jared Rydelek, a YouTuber who has carved a niche by tracking down rare fruits and trying them out, tried eating the Osage-orange. I would assume you let the fruit ripen completely, then remove the seeds from the center and plant them. Maclura pomifera, commonly known as the Osage orange, horse apple, hedge, or hedge apple tree is a small deciduous tree or large shrub, typically growing to 8 to 15 metres (30–50 ft) tall. The specific epithet pomifera means "fruit-bearing". Using hedge apples to control your spider population is an easy, chemical-free pest-control option. Google hedge apples and cancer. At present, florists use the fruits of M. pomifera for decorative purposes. The fruits rose to fame when people started saying that they repel insects. Unless you are looking to try out something new, there is no reason you should try eating Osage-orange seeds. [32] The sharp-thorned trees were also planted as cattle-deterring hedges before the introduction of barbed wire and afterward became an important source of fence posts. The most common use for hedge apples that I could find in my research was found with the wood. [20] Another historic tree is located on the grounds of Fort Harrod, a Kentucky pioneer settlement in Harrodsburg, Kentucky. List of Osage Orange health benefits below along with other Osage nutritional supplement helpful website links. If you still choose to go ahead and use them, you should be cautious of the milky juice present in the stems and fruit of the fruit that is known to cause skin irritation. In form they are simple, a long oval terminating in a slender point. This is due to its large fruit and sharp thorns. [10] Meriwether Lewis was told that the people of the Osage Nation, "So much … esteem the wood of this tree for the purpose of making their bows, that they travel many hundreds of miles in quest of it. Hedge apples which are not suitable for drying, can be used for winter critter feed or as an alleged way to chase spiders, crickets, cockroaches, or box elder bugs out of your home. Freeze them solid and grate the frozen hedge apple for two tablespoons a day. It is remarkably free from insect predators and fungal diseases. They are not poisonous. [30] Primary components of fresh fruit include pectin (46%), resin (17%), fat (5%), and sugar (before hydrolysis, 5%). Shorn Sheep - Remedies from nature: Hedge apples as cure for … They feature a hairy, four-lobed calyx; the four stamens are inserted opposite the lobes of calyx, on the margin of a thin disk. [43], "Bois d'arc" redirects here. Scoop out all the seeds and put into a container. Ovaries are superior, ovate, compressed, green, and crowned by a long slender style covered with white stigmatic hairs. 2 (2018): 312-317. [10] The fruit has a cucumber-like flavor. [19] It has since become widely naturalized in the United States and Ontario, Canada. Remove the … Although the flowering is dioecious, the pistillate tree when isolated will still bear large oranges, perfect to the sight but lacking the seeds. [13], Mature trees range from 12 to 20 metres (40–65 ft) tall with short trunks and round-topped canopies. I know you'd put a lot of time and energy into all of them and hope you know how much I appreciate it. Branchlets are at first bright green and pubescent; during their first winter they become light brown tinged with orange, and later they become a paler orange brown. Roast them at 300 degrees for 10-15 minutes. According to regional folklore, there are three things to look for. [17], The genus Maclura is named in honor of William Maclure[9] (1763–1840), a Scottish-born American geologist. It has a specific gravity of 0.7736 or 773.6 kg/m3 (48.29 lb/cu ft). Hedge apples are the fruit of the Osage orange tree. Hedge apples are another name osage orange. Lots of fun and folklore around these prehistoric fruits! Can You Eat Hedge Apples? The process of preparing the seeds is tedious, and you end up with just a few seeds. For other uses, see, Ecological aspects of historical distribution. After the completion of the study, the university responded that it doesn’t recommend the use of the hedge apples for pest control. The wood from the fruit is golden yellow or bright orange and is very durable and is not only highly effective at making fence posts; you can use it to make high-quality treenails, pieces of furniture, insulator pins, and archery bows. As the animals traveled around the United States, they expelled the seeds that sprouted everywhere. "Seed Dispersal in Osage Orange (Maclura pomifera) by Squirrels (Sciurus spp.)." However, hedge apples are non-poisonous. You will receive one full large flat rate USPS priority box of Osage Orange [3][35] Although its wood is commonly knotty and twisted, straight-grained Osage orange timber makes good bows, as used by Native Americans. [3] Osage orange has been planted in all the 48 contiguous states of the United States and in southeastern Canada. Sliced pieces of the fruit placed in enclosed areas also did expel insects. The fruits you don’t pick sit in the backyard and rot, giving off a nasty smell. Studies have shown that hedge apples are innocuous to horses when ingested. [10] Additionally, a yellow-orange dye can be extracted from the wood, which can be used as a substitute for fustic and aniline dyes. "[3], The Comanche also used this wood for their bows. Those cuttings did not survive. [19] M. pomifera is cultivated in Italy, the former Yugoslavia, Romania, former USSR, and India. Hedge apples, monkey brains, monkey balls, whatever you call them, DON'T EAT THEM! This is largely due to the unpalatable taste of its fruit despite its orange-like smell. [6], The fruits are consumed by black-tailed deer in Texas and fox squirrels in the Midwest, who drop them to crack open. I won't be able to thank you fully for the articles on your web-site. It intrigued them then, and intrigued us now – in part because that question of what It must be regularly pruned to keep it in bounds, and the shoots of a single year will grow one to two metres (3–6 ft) long, making it suitable for coppicing. After a multi-day work, Jared produced just a single bowl of hedge apple seeds. In the video below, you can see him eating the Osage-orange. Squirrels can be a fuzzy menace in the garden, especially when they're chewing on trees or digging up bulbs. Follow with a glass of water. [7][8][9], The earliest account of the tree in the English language was given by William Dunbar, a Scottish explorer, in his narrative of a journey made in 1804 from St. Catherine's Landing on the Mississippi River to the Ouachita River. As he doesn’t like the taste of the fruit, he goes ahead and extracts the seeds from the fruit and eats them. During the winter, the branches bear lateral buds that are depressed-globular, partly immersed in the bark, and pale chestnut brown in color. [25][41][42] In 2004, the EPA insisted that a website selling M. pomifera fruits online remove any mention of their supposed repellent properties as false advertising. [10][28] A neglected hedge will become fruit-bearing. [24], The fruit is not poisonous to humans or livestock, but is not preferred by them,[25] because it is mostly inedible due to a large size (about the diameter of a softball) and hard, dry texture. Place the hedge apple in the refrigerator to soften, approximately one month. [10] A thornless male cultivar of the species exists and is vegetatively reproduced for ornamental use. "[15] The trees are also known as "bodark," "bodarc," or "bodock" trees, most likely originating as a transliteration or corruption of "bois d'arc. I won't be able to thank you. [23] An equine species that became extinct at the same time also has been suggested as the plant's original dispersal agent because modern horses and other livestock will sometimes eat the fruit. (Moraceae) and the Origin and Early Spread of “Hedge Apple” Folklore,", Murphy, Serena, Virginia Mitchell, Jessa Thurman, Charli N. Davis, Mattew D. Moran, Jessica Bonumwezi, Sophie Katz, Jennifer L. Penner, and Matthew D. Moran. Commonly called hedge apples, the fruit of the Osage orange are mired in mystery and myth. Plenty of studies have been done to come up with male thornless cultivars, but horticulturists are yet to come up with an utterly thornless variety. The tree's mature bark is dark, deeply furrowed and scaly. [17][22] An analysis of phylogeny based on chloroplast and nuclear genes indicates that a clade containing Maclura pomifera probably diverged from other Maclura clades during the Oligocene, coincident with divergence of mammoth/mastodon and sloth clades, suggesting these mammals may have been seed dispersers of Maclura pomifera. So how do hedge apples predict the weather? This tree grows from 20 to 50 feet tall and can withstand almost any growing conditions. | ThriftyFun. … The study found that there is little concentration of the repellant chemical in the fruit, and in large, open space with a lot of air movement, the chemical is bound to dissipate quickly. Staminate flowers are pale green, small, and arranged in racemes borne on long, slender, drooping peduncles developed from the axils of crowded leaves on the spur-like branchlets of the previous year. The plant has significant potential to invade unmanaged habitats.[3]. simply gather the hedge apples and place them around the foundation of your home. Michael L. Ferro "A Cultural and Entomological Review of the Osage Orange (Maclura pomifera (Raf.) From what I understand, they're edible for humans as well, but don't taste that great. [37][38][39], Osage orange wood is more rot-resistant than most, making good fence posts. Used as a decoration in the 18th and 19th centuries, the hedge apple, Osage-orange, or the horse apple is one of the most unusual yet common fruits in the United States. [6] However, a 2015 study indicated that Osage orange seeds are not effectively spread by horses or elephant species. The thorny Osage orange tree was widely naturalized throughout the United States until this usage was superseded by the invention of barbwire in 1874. It has one of the highest BTU ratings making it ideal for both indoor and outdoor cooking. 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